Republic of Ireland

The land

Situated on the island of Ireland, the republic of Ireland has a total area of 84,412km squared with a total coastline distance of 3,172km.
Ireland has a mild Oceanic climate with few extremes. Ireland is cold in winter (varies from 4-7°C) but rarely snows and warmer in the summer (12-15°C).
Ireland is also a popular destination for tourists, featuring beautiful national parks and buildings from stone age to modern times.

The state

The republic of Ireland was founded in 1937, breaking from the United Kingdom. It consists of the whole island of Ireland with the exception of Northern Ireland, which belongs to the British.
The capital of Ireland is Dublin, other cities of note are Galway and Cork.
Ireland joined the European Union in 1973, and is one of the first countries to use Euro as the national currency. Ireland is the only English speaking country in the Euro zone.

The Economy

In recent years, Ireland successfully migrated from an agricultural economy to modern knowledge economy, having services, exports and software industries as the driving force of the economy. Economic growth averaged from 7% to 10% from 1995 to 2004.
The success of Ireland is often attributed to the excellent education system, good cooperation between government and Industries and skilled immigrants.

The People

Ireland has a population of over 4 million, with Dublin, its capital city, having a population of 953, 000. Most of its population is of Gaelic origin, and its culture is an important part of Ireland's national identity. Irish and English are the official languages of Ireland, and nearly 100% of the population are English-speakers. Ireland is one of the fastest growing European countries in terms of population, at over 2% per year. Most of the Irish are of Roman Catholic faith, but the country is neutral on religion.
More information on Ireland can be found here.